By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a common socioevolutionary idea of the sentiments - affect-spectrum conception - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the main theoretical views built within the sociology of feelings by means of displaying fundamental feelings to be adaptive reactions to primary difficulties of existence that have advanced into straight forward social relationships and that can are expecting occurrences of the whole spectrum of basic, complicated secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written by means of best social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this booklet offers an encyclopaedic category of the sentiments, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and proposing a common multilevel idea of feelings and social existence. The scope of assurance of this key paintings is very topical and finished, and contains the advance of feelings in youth, symbolic elaboration of advanced feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender variations. whereas basic feelings have basically outlined valences, this concept exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that each one feelings have either inventive and harmful potentialities.
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Additional resources for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
These strong emotions contribute to self-control and to maintenance of the sociomoral order, yet there remains a fascination by, and an awe of, those gods, heroes, villains, pornographers, and violent criminals, who offend the moral order and the norms of moral decency. There is a positive aspect to overcoming limits. As W. Miller (1997) puts it, “[t]he desire to press against our restraints and our limits is what makes us strive, improve, and create” (p. 155). Thus, disgust can kill our desires, putting them beyond the reach of the conscious mind, and shrink the world of its future possibilities.
Beninger 1991). Smiling, a gesture manifesting happiness, is innate and universal, and was observed by Darwin in a variety of species of monkeys and apes. Humans are born with the ability to smile (Stern 2002). Newborn babies 32 The four pairs of opposite primary emotions begin to smile in the ﬁrst hours, or ﬁrst days, of life, typically in states of drowsiness or light sleep but also in response to sweet tastes and pleasant smells (Steiner 1977). At the beginning, smiling is purely biological, but elicits a similar response in the adult recipient.
A gesture of disgust is shown by movements around the mouth similar to preparation to vomit, as the mouth is opened wide and the upper lip is retraced, the eyelids are partially closed, and the eyes, even the whole body, is turned away. In disgust, the heart rate is diminished (Levenson 1994). Spitting is a nearly universal sign of disgust and contempt, represents the rejection of that which offends the taste. A person regarded as disgusting is apt to be described as slimy, creepy, even sickening.
A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten