By Julian Hoppit
The fantastic Revolution of 1688-9 was once a decisive second in England's background; an invading Dutch military pressured James II to escape France, and his son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary, have been topped as joint sovereigns. the broader outcomes have been no much less startling: conflict in eire, union with Scotland, Jacobite intrigue, deep involvement in significant ecu wars, Britain's emergence as a very good strength, a 'financial revolution', larger non secular toleration, a riven Church, and the quick development of parliamentary govt. Such alterations have been in basic terms a part of the transformation of English society on the time. A torrent of latest rules from such figures as Newton, Defoe, and Addison, unfold via newspapers, periodicals, and coffee-houses, supplied new perspectives and values that a few embraced and others loathed. England's horizons have been additionally starting to be, particularly within the Caribbean and American colonies. for plenty of, even though, the advantages have been doubtful: the slave alternate flourished, inequality widened, and the terrible and 'disorderly' have been more and more topic to strictures and statutes. If it was once an age of clients it was once additionally one among anxieties. This new textual content offers a really basic assessment of britain among the fantastic Revolution and the loss of life of George I and Newton. a part of the hot Oxford background of britain sequence, it's a extensive ranging survey that mixes the wealthy secondary literature with broad basic examine. It seems at politics, faith, economic climate, society, and tradition and seeks to put England in its British, eu, and global contexts. It comprises an annotated bibliography and should end up priceless to a variety of scholars of the interval.
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Additional resources for A Land of Liberty?: England 1689-1727 (New Oxford History of England)
Though both monarchical and legislative authority was strengthened as a consequence of the Revolution, Parliament beneﬁted disproportionately. In three dramatic ways its position within English life was transformed and a new political morphology developed: it met more frequently and conducted a much greater volume of business; much politics was party based and rested upon carefully articulated ideologies; and ﬁnally because of the Triennial Act of 1694 this was an era of remarkable electoral activity, helping to forge important links between central and local politics.
This did not change after 1688, but the proliferation of statute law raised questions about Parliament and the permanence of the law. Some bemoaned encroachments upon the common law and worried that the ancient inheritance of fundamental law was being subverted. Certainly contemporaries were inclined to view Parliament’s jurisdiction as vast. 20 Whigs enthusiastically embraced such a position, though many Tories remained attached to the supremacy of regal authority. 21 The dramatic increase in the frequency and length of parliamentary sessions, and of the volume of legislation considered, was one of the main aspects of the revolution in Parliament in these years.
7 James literally broke down, faced as he was by a massive enemy army, intrigue and desertions in both army and navy, the almost total neutralism of those who should have been his natural allies, violent anti-Catholicism in the capital, and the rejection of his own daughters, especially Anne. As his authority crumbled, his body and mind collapsed. He was twice bled and had to resort to opium to get any sleep. The King of England was humbled and the emptiness of his majesty dramatically exposed.
A Land of Liberty?: England 1689-1727 (New Oxford History of England) by Julian Hoppit