By David Grummitt
The Wars of the Roses (c. 1450-85) are well known as an infamously savage and tangled slice of English background. A bloody thirty-year fight among the dynastic homes of Lancaster and York, they embraced localized vendetta (such because the sour northern feud among the Percies and Nevilles) in addition to the formal conflict of royalist and insurgent armies at St Albans, Ludford Bridge, Mortimer's go, Towton, Tewkesbury and at last Bosworth, whilst the usurping Yorkist king Richard used to be beaten via Henry Tudor. strong personalities dominate the interval: the charismatic and enigmatic Richard III, immortalized via Shakespeare; the slippery Warwick, "the kingmaker," who ultimately over-reached ambition to be minimize on the conflict of Barnet; and guileful ladies like Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret of Anjou, who for a time governed the dominion in her husband's stead. David Grummitt locations the violent occasions of this complicated time within the wider context of fifteenth-century kingship and the improvement of English political tradition. by no means wasting sight of the aggravating effect of struggle at the lives of these who both fought in or have been touched by means of conflict, this attractive new historical past will make compelling interpreting for college kids of the overdue medieval interval and Tudor England, in addition to for common readers.
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Extra resources for A short history of the Wars of the Roses
Richard (d. 1460), Duke of York. Descended through his mother, Anne Mortimer, from Edward III’s second son, Lionel (d. 1368), Duke of Clarence, and through his father, Richard (d. 1415), Earl of Cambridge, from Edward’s fourth son, Edmund (d. 1402), Duke of York, he was a loyal Lancastrian servant before 1450. Thereafter he emerged as the leading opponent of royal policy before claiming xxxiii IBT049˚— Wars of the Roses:Layout 1 14/9/12 16:20 Page xxxiv David Grummitt the throne himself in 1460.
17 February: the Earl of Warwick defeated by Margaret of Anjou’s army at the second Battle of St Albans. Margaret refused entry into London. 4 March: the Earl of March is acclaimed King Edward IV in London. 31 March: Yorkist victory at the Battle of Towton. 15 May: final defeat of Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Hexham, followed by the capture of the fugitive Henry VI in July 1465. The Second War, 1469–71 1469 July: Robin of Redesdale’s revolt in Yorkshire against perceived misgovernment by Edward IV and the influence of the relatives of his queen, Elizabeth Woodville.
The Third War, 1483–1487 1483 1484 9 April: death of Edward IV and accession of his young son as Edward V. 30 April: Edward IV’s brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, launches a coup d’etat against his Woodville relations and on 4 May is named Lord Protector. 13 June: Gloucester murders William, Lord Hastings, his erstwhile ally, and begins plans to seize the throne himself. 22 June: Gloucester’s claim to the throne, probably on the grounds of Edward IV’s illegitimacy, is proclaimed and on 26 June he is acclaimed as King Richard III.
A short history of the Wars of the Roses by David Grummitt