By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This publication will hide a number of themes to tricky how proteomics may perhaps give a contribution in our knowing of mechanisms curious about tension variation. the information being accrued through a variety of proteomics applied sciences could ultimately be used in breeding courses to augment tension tolerance. This publication provides finished studies approximately responses of crop and livestock to environmental stresses. demanding situations concerning pressure phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics facts have additionally been addressed.
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Extra info for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
Expression analysis of this protein in wheat showed that it is associated with abiotic stress response and is correlated with the plant’s capacity to develop freezing tolerance . Under cold stress, roots develop mechanistic strategies such as production of high energy, limiting cell growth, and cell wall modiﬁcation to protect the plant from the damages brought about by low temperature. These processes are facilitated by differential regulation of enzymes involved in carbohydrate and energy metabolisms, proteins that regulate signal transduction and protein turn-over, and proteins involved in cell wall synthesis and defence-responses.
While chitinases were upregulated . 1) confers drought tolerance in rice. A QTL-introgressed near isogenic line (NIL), 481-B, showing the best phenotype was compared with the recipient parent (Vandana) during proteomic analysis. Proteins for lateral root profusion, ROS detoxiﬁcation enzymes (peroxidases, APX), glyceraldehyde-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, enolase and phosphoglucomutase were all upregulated in 481-B . A cognate metabolite analysis study conducted by the same group on the same plant material drew high correspondence between the root proteins and metabolites generated by their activity, while also demonstrating differences in proteins in the roots and aerial parts .
Drought-inducible proteins such as chaperones, detoxiﬁcation enzymes and mRNA-binding proteins play major roles in detoxiﬁcation and during stress . Differentially-expressed proteins under drought have been investigated in wheat, rice and Arabidopsis [35, 36]. Roots are the ﬁrst organs to perceive the dehydration stress signal when a certain level is reached in water deﬁcit . Although the deﬁnitive mechanism of the roots’ response is still unclear, recent molecular and biochemical studies revealed many abscisic acid (ABA)- and stress-responsive genes in the roots [22, 38].
Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses by Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh