By J. Davidson
Why do Britain, France, and Italy supply or refuse army aid for U.S.-led makes use of of strength? This booklet offers a special, multiple-case learn research of transatlantic burden-sharing. Sixty unique interviews with most sensible policymakers and analysts supply perception into allies' judgements concerning the Kosovo struggle (1999), Afghanistan (2001), and the Iraq warfare (2003). The instances exhibit that neoclassical realist factors--alliance price, probability, status, and electoral politics--explain allies' judgements larger than constructivist factors--identity and norms. The booklet in short covers extra situations (Vietnam, Lebanon, the Persian Gulf warfare, Somalia) and concludes with strategies for expanding destiny allied army aid.
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Additional info for America's Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq
P6: When alliance value is low but the target is a threat or prestige is implicated and public opinion opposes support and is relevant, the government is unlikely to provide support. When alliance value is high but the target is not a threat and prestige is not implicated and public opinion opposes support and is relevant, the government is unlikely to provide support. P7: If alliance value is low and threat to national interest is high or prestige is implicated and public opinion is irrelevant, government support is somewhat likely.
From September 16 to 18, Israeli forces stood by as Falange militias massacred Palestinian civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps. In the wake of the massacre the United States, France, and Italy agreed to Lebanese government requests to create MNF II. 81 On December 20, Britain’s Foreign Secretary, Francis Pym, told the House of Commons that Britain would contribute eighty troops to MNF II. 82 Why did Britain contribute? Why, given that it contributed, did it take so long to make its contribution and why was the contribution so small?
S. 25 As such, if the Wilson government had decided to offer a symbolic contribution, voters could have retaliated by switching their vote from Labour to Conservative. It is unclear whether this factor influenced the outcome, however, as there is no evidence that the Wilson government ever considered providing a military contribution. 26 That said, it is possible that the Conservatives’ stance relative to the public tipped the balance for the Wilson government between the alliance with the United States and national interest.
America's Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq by J. Davidson